RPK74 Kalashnikov 5.45 mm assault rifle is used as an individual weapon to eliminate enemy personnel and firearms. In combat, a bayonet-knife is attached to the riffle to damage enemy personnel.

The letter H next to the specification name (РПК74Н) indicates that the hand held machine gun is mounted on various types of optical sights (day and night) located on the left wall of the barrel.

Ordinary cartridges of 5,45x39 mm (ПС and ПП) and a tracer (T) are used for firing.

Full automatic or single fire is enabled. Automatic firing is considered to be the main type of firing and can be carried out by short (up to 5 shots), long (up to 15 shots) bursts, and continuous firing.

During firing, the bullets are transferred from the magazine case of 45 bullets. Operational range 1000m.

The most effective firing from the hand held machine gun to ground targets is carried out at a distance of up to 500 m, and from aircraft, helicopters and paratroopers up to 500 m. The concentrated fire from the machine gun to the group targets on the ground is carried out at a distance of up to 1000 m.